It’s a Family Affair: Her Highness Shaikha Abeer Al Khalifa captured America’s heart by bringing an ancient people to light through fashion


HOUSTON, TX, September 18, 2019 /Solel International hosted the first cultural renaissance in 106 years that highlights the Moorish American community. The “Moro Americana” event was filled with cultural performances, food and rich history.

During the festival, the journey of Moorish Americans was captured in many different genres. Hosting and Virtual Hosting by International Recording Artist Richmond “Hotline” Shaw and Radio Personality, Nafeesah Muhammad, Interpretative dance by Vockah Redu, Moorish-American music from

Eclipse the Earthstar, Ruben Moreno, acting and playwrighting from founder and American Celebrity, Charnele Brown’s Triwen Productions, photography from Han$o and Getty Images, Video from GM Media Solutions, Augmented reality programs from the app company Uncover Everything, Moorish American jewelry, crafts, and visual art by Michel FG , Genesis and Kyle “Shakur” Crockett and many others.

Solel International partnered with Houston’s Revalushion Management Agency to integrate a fashion show, showcasing designs from special guest Her Highness Shaikha Abeer Al Khalifa, Audyssy, Hamza Fashions and Tiombe Stafford’s Bombie Stylez Hair Consulting. Her Highness Shaikha Abeer Al Khalifa in conversation with Moorish American international artist & performer, Eclipse the Earthstar stated that “It is important that people should never forget their past and their connectivity with their future.” She continued to say, “Arts and culture is the life blood of our continued story”. This comment brought a smile Eclipse the Earthstar to heart.

This conversation resonated with many people in the audience. Moorish Americans in Houston, Texas felt for many years that they were not understood until the day they met Her Highness Shaikha Abeer Al Khalifa. Solel International is also the first American company Her Highness Shaikha Abeer Al Khalifa has partnered with, making the Moro Americana Festival even more historic.

“The fact that she chose to recognize our kinship through fashion, arts and culture touched the Moorish American community here in Houston,Texas. Peace and love forever to our sister from the east and her entire family”

Sis. Joycelyn Durden El, of the Moorish Science Temple of America #7 of Houston, Texas.

Solel International’s Treasurer William Allen Johnson El and member of Fathers R Us, said

Her Highness Shaikha Abeer Al Khalifa helped us to attract so many people from all over so they may know us, our story. From State, City, Science and Embassy Officials. This is truly a historic Day for Moorish Americans and all people. She donated her fashions for the sake of unity.”

“She is such an awesome person. When someone reaches into your heart, you don’t feel like you’re forgotten. She took the time to get to know sisters and brothers in the west. She has in fact, captured our hearts here in America. We wish more people had a heart like her.” Eclipse the Earthstar.

In the Photo: Her Highness Shaikha Abeer Al Khalifa, (center), Singer Danny “Eclipse the Earthstar” Asberry El (left), His Highness Sheikh Rashid Bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, (upper-center), International Recording Artist Richmond “Hotline” Shaw (right). Solel International

What was the Journey of Moorish-Americans?

Moorish American ancestors were the Moabites from the land of Canaan. A colony of the seat of the Egyptian empire of Africa. They were later called Mauri/ Moghrebins, i.e., “Westerners,” or “men of the West, because under the permission of the great Pharaohs, they traveled west to create kingdoms in west and northwestern Africa. Later we were established as Moorish as reference to their ancient blood lines. Their reign was evident in the 1st millennium all the way to its halt 1492. When the last stronghold fell in Spain (formally Andalusia), this gave rise to the Spanish inquisition and its maltreatment of Moorish people and their associates worldwide especially in the Americas. The Spanish inquisition set out to destroy the influence the Moorish had all over the world by hurting, killing and religiously converting Moors and their associates outside of the African continent by catholic edicts and inside the continent taking ships and sending slaves to South America and the islands in North America from the ancient kingdoms of Africa set up by the ancient descendants of Ruth, Boaz, Solomon, and the list goes on.

The Erasure

For centuries these actions create almost a complete erasure of identity from the worlds once infamous Moorish children. European powers forced these people from acknowledging their place in the world telling notaries to never record them as Moors, Jew or the like but to record them as an adjective, something out of the family of nations. Colors instead of family namesakes. This influence of the Spanish inquisition even made it to the culture of the founding America in the 1700’s.

These adjectives that are not in the family of nations or bloodline and still can be seen today are the labels Negros, American Indian, Black, Colored, Indian Morian, and later African American, Creole and even Hispanic. During the time of American slavery between 1779 and 1865 the stories of Moorish People were suppressed and the few that knew their identity were often threatened or killed. Either the children of these Moorish families orally shared their history with extreme caution or were often forcefully converted and re-educated during this time almost erasing any idea of their glorious past. Until the advent of Noble Drew Ali in 1913, Stood on the street and boldly revealed and introduced to the people under the laws of Sur Juris and Jus Soli, there nationality as Moorish, the free national name “American “and ancient Creed called Islam and the way of life affectionately named Islamism. They are descendants of Ancient Moroccans born in America. Their nationality was then re-established in 1920’s as Moorish Americans.

Famous Words of Noble Drew Ali

“According to all true and divine records of the human race there is no negro, black, or colored race attached to the human family, because all the inhabitants of Africa were and are of the human race, descendants of the ancient Canaanite nation from the holy land of Canaan.”

“What your ancient forefathers were, you are today without doubt or contradiction. There is no one who is able to change man from the descendant nature of his forefathers; unless his power extends beyond the great universal Creator Allah Himself.”

HOUSTON, TEXAS – JULY 20: Models provided by Revalushion Management Agency for Solel International’s Annual Fete Moroamericana featuring Fashion Art Printwork by Her Highness Shaikha Abeer Al Khalifa at Houston Urban League on July 20, 2019 in Houston, Texas. (Photo by Bob Levey/Getty Images for Revalushion Management Agency )


Light and the truth | Robert Benjamin Lewis

Robert Benjamin Lewis (1802 – February 1858) was of both African Descent and from the Indigenous American Mohegan tribe author, best known for writing Light and Truth published in 1836. He also was an entrepreneur, successfully marketing hair oil and other commodities, and also held three United States patents. In his book he has written about the existence of the Moors. Download Below Light and Truth .

Mustafa Zemmouri | Stephen the Moor

Estevanico (c. 1500-1539) was one of the first native Africans to reach the present-day continental United States. He is known by many different names, but is commonly known as Esteban de Dorantes, Estebanico and Esteban the Moor or Mustafa Zemmouri. Enslaved as a youth by the Portuguese, he was sold to a Spanish nobleman and taken in 1527 on the Spanish Narváez expedition to establish a colony in Florida. He was one of four survivors among 300 men who explored the peninsula. By late 1528 the group had been reduced to 80 men, who survived being washed ashore at Galveston Island after an effort to sail across the Gulf of Mexico.

Depiction of Estevanico (Mustafa Zemmouri)

He traveled for eight years with Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Andrés Dorantes de Carranza, and Alonso del Castillo Maldonado across northern New Spain (present-day U.S. Southwest and northern Mexico), reaching Spanish forces in Mexico City in 1536.Later Estevanico served as the main guide for a return expedition to the Southwest. Spaniards believe that he was killed in the Zuni city of Hawikuh in 1539. That is only speculative, however, because the two Indians who reported back to Friar Marcos de Niza did not see him killed but only assumed he had been.

[1] He is considered a discoverer of New Mexico.

[2] Early lifeEstevanico was sold into slavery in 1522 in the Portuguese-controlled Berber town of Azemmour, on Morocco’s Atlantic coast. Some contemporary accounts referred to him as an “Arabized black”;

[3] or “Moor”, a generic term often used for anyone from North Africa. Diego de Guzmán, a contemporary of Estevanico who saw him in Sinaloa in 1536, described his skin as “brown”.He was raised as a Muslim, but because Spain did not allow non-Catholics to travel to the New World, some historians believe he converted to Roman Catholicism, though these claims remain dubious. He was sold toAndrés Dorantes de Carranza a Spanish nobleman.

North American explorer Dorantes took Estevanico as his slave on Pánfilo de Narváez’s expedition of 1527 to colonize Florida and the Gulf Coast. Many books claim Estevanico became the first black person from Africa known to have landed in the present continental United States, but he wasn’t the first. Juan Garrido, a free African from Angola, was in Florida as early as 1513 with Ponce de León. After failed efforts to locate villages with gold near present-day Tampa Bay and numerous attacks by Native Americans, the diminishing party slaughtered their horses, melting down metals and making five boats to try to sail across the Gulf of Mexico to reach the main Spanish settlement. The boats wrecked off the coast of Texas, and 80 men started overland. At times survivors were enslaved by Native Americans.

Eventually only Estevanico, Dorantes, de Vaca and Castillo remained alive.

The four spent years enslaved on the Texas Gulf Islands.In 1534 they escaped into the American interior, contacting other Native American tribes along the way as they moved west into the Southwest. The acts of all four as faith-healers appeared to have helped them with the Indians, who told them about rich native cities to the north.[4] The party traversed the continent as far as western Mexico, into theSonoran Desert to the region of Sonora in New Spain (present-day Mexico), where they were found by a slave-hunting group of Spaniards.In Mexico City, the four survivors told stories of wealthy indigenous tribes to the north, which created a stir among Spaniards in Mexico.

When the three Spaniards declined to lead an expedition, Estevanico was sold or given to Antonio de Mendoza, the Viceroy of New Spain. He used Estevanico as a guide in expeditions to the North.In 1539, Estevanico was one of four men who accompanied Friar Marcos de Niza as a guide in search of the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola, preceding Coronado by a year. Estevanico traveled ahead of the main party with a group of Sonoran Indians. He was instructed to communicate by sending back crosses to the main party, with the size of the cross equal to the wealth discovered. One day, a cross arrived that was as tall as a person, causing de Niza to step up his pace to join the scouts.

Estevanico had entered the Zuni village of Hawikuh (in present-day New Mexico). He had sent a gourd. The Zuni reportedly killed him and expelled the Mexican Indians with him from the village.[4] After seeing this, De Niza quickly returned to New Spain.Some historians suggest the Zuni did not believe Estevanico’s story that he represented a party of whites, and that he was killed for demanding turquoise.[4] Roberts and Roberts write that “still others suggest that Estevan, who was black and wore feathers and rattles, may have looked like a wizard to the Zuni.”[9] Both theories are speculation.Juan Francisco Maura suggested in 2002 that the Zunis did not kill Estevanico, and that he and friends among the Indians faked his death so he could gain freedom from slavery.Some folklore legends say that the Kachina figure, Chakwaina, is based on Estevanico.

Names Estevanico is recorded by different names, in the Portuguese, Spanish, Arabic and English languages, in a variety of historic works. Among the most common are Arabic: إستيفانيكو‎‎; “Mustafa Zemmouri” (مصطفى زموري), “Black Stephen”; “Esteban”; “Esteban the Moor”; “Estevan”, “Estebanico”, “Stephen the Black”, “Stephen the Moor”; “Stephen Dorantes” and “Esteban de Dorantes,” after his owner Andres Dorantes;[12] and “Little Stephen”. The names “Estevanico” and “Estebanico” are the diminutive of his actual Spanish name of “Esteban”—the diminutive being how Spaniards referred to a child affectionately or to a slave condescendingly. More on Estevanico


Houston First Augmented Reality Mural in Independence Heights, TX . Mural by Solel International

We at Solel International are proud to have been chosen by several communities to visually tell their stories though visual and multimedia representations. Our work typically brings people together, create community ownership of its branding, history and collective character. We bring together talented artists, community volunteers, stakeholders and all others that want to see underprivileged areas thrive.

We assist with comprehensive community art planning, art budgeting , resource managements, community banding and marketing. We leave no stone unturned when consulting great communities.

In 2018, we have an impressive series of first’s:

First Mural in Houston to showcase the history of Independence Heights (first city incorporated by African Americans in Texas) First Mural in Houston, Texas created and led by a Moorish American on this grand scale First Mural to have fused augmented reality with fine art The Mural was painted on the First Whole Foods 365 in Houston, Texas and 2nd in the State of Texas.

Our work has been featured in several publications:

Houston Chronicle

The Leader News

Houston Business Journal

Other Notes:

Artist’s were as follows: Lead Artist Danny Asberry El, Craig Carter, Zink, Jeff and Joshua.

We are happy to also say thanks #IndependenceHeights #WholeFoods365 #Jerry‘sArtarama #PictureWorthcustomframing #Homedepot #Lowes #uncovereverything for supplies and other essentials for this project.😁

Please check us out below:


1.) Download the Uncover Everything App.

For Android Phones download here. For I-Phone users download here.

2.) Shop at Whole Foods 365 in Independence Heights located at 101 N Loop W, Houston, TX 77018,

3.) Go to Mural on the right side of the building, while on your phone you start your uncover app.

4.) Focus the Phone to Mural and pan the entire mural and then you see it come to life.

Check out below the augmented reality experience. Thanks to the Uncover Team!

We’ve had children’s activities on the Mural. This gives the community ownership of the Mural and improves business to community relations reducing most negative impact while producing positive relationships.

We’ve had children’s activities on the Mural. This gives the community ownership of the Mural and improves business to community relations reducing most negative impact while producing positive relationships.

Moorish Americans of Texas

Courtesy of the Moorish Science Temple of America – Temple 7 in Houston, Texas

In May of 2015 AD, The nationality and contributions of the Moorish Americans were recognized by the Senate of the State of Texas through Members of the Moorish Science Temple of America

Temple 7 in Houston, Texas. Texas itself is mired in Moorish History and the Resolution was Unanimously passed.


The complexion of the Carolina Indians is Black, Not much different from that of the Ethiopians. Their hair is Black and thick, and not very long, tied back behind the head like a small tail. As for the physique of these men, they are well proportioned, of medium height, a little taller than we are.

They have broad chests, strong arms, and the legs and other parts of the body well composed. They’re broad in the face and have big black eyes. They have a sharp cunning and are agile and swift runners.”



The Moon-eyed Negroes, and Albinos, destroyed by the Cherokis, and seen in Panama. Barton, &c. Among these the Yarura language has 50 per cent of analogy with the Gauna, 40 per cent with the Ashanty or Fanty of Guinea, and about 33 pM- cent with the Fulah, Bornu Uvd Congo languages of Africa. In Asia it has 39 per cent of numerical affinity with the Sainang Negroes, and 40 per cent with the Negroes of Andaman as well as those of Australia or New Holland. Full Text Here

World Culture Section

Monolithic means “characterized by massiveness and rigidity and total uniformity.” Over time due to the startling effects of colonialism all over the world, our timeline is dedicated to world culture and the Autochthonous People that birth them. Often, people can look the same but there is always the possibility that their story may be different. Use the World Culture Section to explore some things in history worth seeking.

Moors of Africa and the Americans

Reported by :

The origin of America’s native populations has long been a subject of debate. The theory that the indigenous natives of America were only the result of Asians crossing the Bering Strait is no more substantial than the idea that America was populated by Moors having traveled across the Atlantic and settling in the Americas. Actually, the latter theory was the opinion of most scholars before the abolition of slavery.

Others believe that America is an old melting pot and its indigenous inhabitants is a result of several migrations from both Africa and Asia. Published in 1864, The Indian Races of North and South America by Charles De Wolf Brownell, makes this observation on page 15 of his classic work:

“Some theorists have indefatigably followed up the idea that we are to search for the lost tribes of Israel among the red men of America, and have found or fancied resemblances, otherwise unaccountable, between Indian and Hebrews words, ceremonies, and superstitions.

Others have exhibited equal ingenuity in carrying out a comparison between the Moors of Africa and the Americans, claiming to establish a near affinity in character and complexion between the two races. They suppose the Moorish immigrants to have arrived at the West India Islands, or the Eastern coast of South America, and thence to have spread over the whole continent.”

According to Brownell, whose writings were published decades before the inception of the Moorish Science Temple of America and the birth of Noble Drew Ali, it was an opinion of early scholars that the Moors were the first to populate the Americas and such comparisons were largely due to “a near affinity in character and complexion between the two races.” Amazingly, early scholars agree that the Carib native tribes most certainly originated from Africa. Published in 1855, Ethnological and Philological Essays by James Kennedy states:

“On these grounds, Bryan Edwards dissents very justly from this hypothesis; and observing that the Carib seemed to him to be an entirely distinct race from other Indians, widely differing from them in physical appearance and manners, he framed an opinion that they were in reality of African descent, and that their ancestors had come across the Atlantic. Before referring to Bryan Edwards, I had come to the same conclusion, from what had come under my observation of this people. Their general appearance and features, notwithstanding their straight shining hair, gave me the idea more of the African than the American Indian; and the fact of their having come from Africa was not, even according to Rochefort’s account, inconsistent with their traditions, as these merely stated that they had come by sea from a far country, without distinctly hewing whether it was from the east or the west.”

Kennedy’s work confirms that many scholars of his day and earlier noted the African origins of the Caribbean tribes was certain and that such may also be said of natives of the mainland in theory. Not only does Kennedy provide support for his claims, but incorporates the published opinions of academics preceding his own work. Kennedy further solidifies his thesis by providing an intense comparison between the languages of the Caribbean natives and that of Africa, finding almost identical matches. Although not cited in Kennedy’s work, one example of this is found in name of the Taino deity, Atabey.

Atabey is the supreme goddess of the Taínos (native peoples at the pre-Columbian era), one of two supreme deities in the Taíno religion. Yet, we find that Atabey is a compound name consisting of two Moorish names, Ata, meaning “gift” in Arabic, “forefather” in Turkish, and in Fante, Ata means “one of twins”. The second term Bey, meaning “chieftain,” also appears in Arabic and Turkish. A full report on the history of the title Bey can be found in a previous article submitted by the author on the subject.

How is it then that the name of one of the main deities of the early Tainos can be found in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and amongst the ancient Akan people of Ghana, save that this culture was founded by Moors. More importantly, why are we to understand that the ships of Columbus, which were navigated by Moors, found their way into the territory of the Caribs whose culture scholars found identical to that of West Africa?

Among Archduke Ferdinand’s 1596 inventory, the Kunstkammer chamber were many relics of authority and it has long baffled some historians as to why all the Mexican items were called Moorish. Published in 1888, Albert Samuel Gatschet, in a book entitled, The Karankawa Indians, The Coast People of Texas, writes:

“The term Moorish; as here applied, can scarcely be regarded as a deceptive one inasmuch as “Montezuma, the king of Temistitan and Mexico,” is subsequently designated as “a Moorish king” in this same inventory of 1596.

It is interesting to note the gradual changes that occur in the wording of the subsequent periodical official registrations of this “Moorish hat.” In 1613 its description was faithfully reproduced. In 1621 the word “Indian” was substituted for “Moorish;” with this single alteration the original text was again transcribed in 1730.”

Here is a clear reference that describes articles collected from among the indigenous tribes of Mexico during the 15th century to have been termed Moorish and were later changed to Indian.

Published in 1895, The Journal of American Folklore -Volumes 8 – 9, page 112 states: “Mexican life is one of Moorish origin,” Over the next few months, we hope to explore the forgotten knowledge of ancient America.